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Bilingualism and Autism Project
Development Autism Research Technology (DART)
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RAMDEI (Research Association for Multilingual Development, Education and Intervention)
Studies of multilingualism and autism spectrum disorders
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For Children with Autism, Multiple Languages May be a Boon. (July, 2016) written by Ann Griswold. First published in Spectrum. Reprinted in Scientific American. 
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Bilingualism and Autism Fact Sheet (Downloadable PDF) (January, 2016) A fact sheet written by Dr. Sue Fletcher-Watson. Retrieved from the University of EdinburghBilingualism and Autism research website.

Bilingualism and Autism. (2013) A blog post written by Dr. Elizabeth Peña on the 2 Languages 2 Worlds website
(中文 Google 自動翻譯)


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語言發展家長指南,舊金山加州州立大學 (2012)


Carrie Slaymaker, M.A., CCC-SLP, 討論當自閉症兒的家庭語言和學校使用的語言不同時幫助孩子保持雙語的好處。

John Consalvi, M.A., CCC-SLP, LinguaHealth 的 CEO 訪問美國明尼蘇達大學的名譽教授 Kathryn Kohnert 博士, PhD, CCC-SLP。他們討論雙語在語言病理學領域的重要性。




Baker, D. (2013). Particular polyglots: Multilingual students with autism.Disability and Society, 28(4), 527-541. doi:10.1080/09687599.2012.717883

de Oliveira, Ê. (2015). A Literature Review on Bilingualism among Children Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Revista Chilena de Fonoaudiología, 14, 33-44.

Drysdale, H., van der Meer, L., & Kagohara, D. (2015). Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder from Bilingual Families: a Systematic Review.Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2(1), 26-38.

Fahim, D., & Nedwick, K. (2014). Around the World: Supporting Young Children With ASD Who Are Dual Language Learners. Young Exceptional Children, 17(2), 3-20. doi:10.1177/1096250613477870

Hambly, C., & Fombonne, E. (2012). The impact of bilingual environments on language development in children with autism spectrum disorders.Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 42(7), 1342-1352. doi:10.1007/s10803 -011-1365 -z2193856310.1007 /s10803-011-1365-z

Hambly, C., & Fombonne, E. (2014). Factors influencing bilingual expressive vocabulary size in children with autism spectrum disorders.Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8, 1079-1089. doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2014.05.013

Jegatheesan, B. (2011). Multilingualism and autism: Perspectives of South Asian Muslim immigrant parents on raising a child with a communicative disorder in multilingual contexts. Bilingual research journal, 34(2), 185-200.

Kay-Raining Bird, E., Lamond, E., & Holden, J. (2012). Survey of bilingualism in autism spectrum disorders. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, 47(1), 52-64.

Ohashi, J. K., Mirenda, P., Marinova-Todd, S., Hambly, C., Fombonne, E., Szatmari, P., . . . Thompson, A. (2012). Comparing early language development in monolingual- and bilingual-explosed young children with autism spectrum disorders. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 6, 890-897.

Park, S. (2014). Bilingualism and children with autism spectrum disorders: Issues, research, and implications. NYS TESOL Journal, 1(2), 122-129.

Petersen, J. M., Marinova-Todd, S., & Mirenda, P. (2012). Brief report: An exploratory study of lexical skills in bilingual children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 42(7), 1499-1503. doi:10.1007/s10803 -011-1366 -y2194770910.1007 /s10803-011-1366-y

Reetzke, R., Zou, X., Sheng, L., & Katsos, N. (2015). Communicative development in bilingually exposed Chinese children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 58(1), 1-13. doi:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-13-0258

Schneider, H. D., & Hopp, J. P. (2011). The use of the Bilingual Aphasia Test for assessment and transcranial direct current stimulation to modulate language acquisition in minimally verbal children with autism. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 25(6/7), 640-654. doi:10.3109/02699206.2011.570852

Seung, H., Siddiqi, S., & Elder, J. H. (2006). Intervention outcomes of a bilingual child with autism. Journal of medical speech-language pathology, 14(1), 53-63.

Valicenti-McDermott, M., Tarshis, N., Schouls, M., Galdston, M., Hottinger, K., Seijo, R., . . . Shinnar, S. (2013). Language Differences Between Monolingual English and Bilingual English-Spanish Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Child Neurology, 28(7), 945-948. doi:10.1177/0883073812453204

Yu, B. (2013). Issues in bilingualism and heritage language maintenance: Perspectives of minority-language mothers of children with autism spectrum disorders. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 22(1), 10-24. doi:10.1044/1058-0360(2012/10-0078)

Yu, B. (2016). Bilingualism as Conceptualized and Bilingualism as Lived: A Critical Examination of the Monolingual Socialization of a Child with Autism in a Bilingual Family. Journal of autism and developmental disorders, 46(2), 424-435. doi:10.1007/s10803-015-2625-0